2012

Ed Pajor is a Professor of Animal Welfare at the University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Production Animal Health. Dr. aEd_Page__9114Pajor provides scientific expertise to numerous organizations including the McDonald’s Animal Welfare Panel. Dr. Pajor completed his B.Sc. degree in biology from the University of Waterloo and received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in biology from McGill University, specializing in animal behaviour.

Introduction
Animal welfare issues have increased in public importance significantly over the past few years.  For some, this comes as a surprise for others it is simply a continuation of a developing social ethic (Rollin, 2004).  The increased importance of animal welfare, especially in agriculture, has occurred for a number of reasons including a decrease in knowledge of where food comes from and how it is produced, different conceptions of what matters in terms of animal welfare, increased consolidation and a move to a pull economy from a push economy and the development of animal welfare standards and on farm/plant assessments. 

Agricultural mythologies and public expectations
The acceptance of how animals are treated in agricultural is reflected by two major components which make up an agricultural mythology, diligent animal care and reverence for the family farm (Fraser, 2008).  This mythology creates certain expectations regarding animal care, expectations that may not reflect the realities of animal production.

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James Carmalt graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1998 and after an internship in large animal medicine at the University of Saskatchewan,Carmalt_sm went into private mixed animal practice in Tasmania, Australia. He returned in 2000 to undertake two concurrent residency programs (Equine Practice and Large Animal Surgery) and then went back to specialist equine private practice in New South Wales, Australia. He became a faculty member at the U of S in 2007.

Emerging technologies tend to be slow in advancing into the equine veterinary arena, typically associated with cost and logistics. This presentation will examine the use of nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), digital and computed radiography and ultrasonography in the horse, where we are and where we want to be with these imaging modalities.

Digital and Computed radiography
These advances in radiography have fundamentally changed the way that equine clinicians and their clients view x-rays.

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Jason Bruemmer is a professor at Colorado State University, working with breeders, owners, clients and students to increase their knowledge of equinebruemmer_new09_sm reproduction and management. Stallion physiology and management are major fields of interest to Dr. Bruemmer as he heads up the Stallion Services. As a researcher, Dr. Bruemmer has published over 40 scientific articles and served as visiting scientist at Massachusetts General Hospital at the Harvard School of Medicine.

The issue:
You are in the horse breeding business.  Specifically you are a stallion owner and are determined to make this the most efficient program possible.  It seems as though technology changes daily – producing products and services that may actually be very useful.  On the other hand, you have noted that others in this industry are slow to take advantage.  Your dilemma is in deciding which, if any, technology to employ.  What is it that will help you succeed and why are others not doing the same?  Are you a visionary…or missing something that is so obvious to others?

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Lori Warren completed her B.S. at the University of Wyoming and her M.S. and Ph.D. in at the University of Kentucky with a dual emphasis in equine nutrition and exercise physiology. She served as Alberta’s Provincial Horse Specialist from 2000-02 and the Extension Equine Specialist at Colorado State University from 2002-04. Dr. Warren is currently an Associate Professor and directs the equine nutrition program at University of Florida.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Many horse owners are interested in supplementing their horses with omega-3 fatty acids, based on the belief that they confer anti-inflammatory and/or immune “boosting” benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids include alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3n-3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). It is the longer-chain EPA and DHA fatty acids that have the most biological activity in the body, serving as the substrates for hormone-like substances known as eicosanoids (eg, prostaglandins, leukotrienes) and affecting gene expression and communication between cells involved in the immune system.

While omega-3 fatty acids have not been as well-studied in horses compared to humans and other species, there has been a significant amount of work done in this area in the past 5 to 10 years. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, as well as the feeding of high fat diets for horses, have been covered extensively in previous proceedings of the Annual Horse Breeder’s and Owner’s Conference (see 2004, 2006 and 2009); thus the reader is referred to those articles for additional information. What will be presented here is a summary of what we have learned about omega-3 fatty acids in horses in recent years, and where the research seems to be heading.

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Andrew Campbell runs Fresh Air Media, a company focused on educating and informing people about agriculture, new media, technology, and how they Andrew Campbell(1)all fit together. He has spoken to groups across Canada about the often uncharted waters of social media in agriculture – and how there is real value in utilizing these tools. Andrew and his wife live west of London, Ontario, and are currently working through a succession plan to take over his family’s dairy and crop operation.

Between the time I write this and you read this, 120 MILLION minutes of video content will have been uploaded to YouTube, 14 BILLION photos will have been uploaded to Facebook, and another 14 BILLION tweets will have been posted to Twitter. 14 BILLION! These are numbers that are almost impossible to comprehend when we are talking about just a few short weeks. Stunning numbers aside, think for a moment about the commitment people need to make in order to generate this type of content. Half of the 800 million Facebook users log in EVERY DAY. EVERY SINGLE DAY.

What we are looking at is a true shift in how we gather and share information. No longer do we have to wait for the phone to ring to share news with a friend, or head down to the local coffee shop or bar to share stories. We can share them instantly with the people close to us, and equally as fast with complete strangers. It means we have the speed of both good and bad news juiced up on steroids.

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2017

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